Saturday, August 3, 2013
Hospice and Physician-Assisted Death (Research, Video 3:13)
As more states prepare to follow Oregon, Washington, and Vermont in legalizing physician-assisted death, hospice programs continue to define ethical issues regarding this legislation. Around 90% of patients involved in using state regulated procedures to end their lives are terminally ill and already in hospice programs. The Journal of Pain and Symptom Management recently reported an analysis of research by authors who partnered with the Washington State Hospice and Palliative Care Organization in an examination of the policies developed by individual hospice organizations regarding program and staff participation in the Washington Death with Dignity Act.
Findings included hospice program differences related to the integrity and identity of hospice and hospice care. Different policies, values, understandings of the medical procedures and caregiving practices were also varied. These were some of the differences:
1) The language used by hospices to refer to the Washington statute
2) The values that hospice programs draw on to support their policies
3) Dilemmas created by requests from patients for hospice staff to be present at a patient’s death
4) Noninvolvement and participation by hospice in patients' requests for physician-assisted death
This analysis concluded with questions for developing a comprehensive hospice policy on involvement in physician-assisted death and assisting national, state, local, and personal reflection.
The following video features physician-assisted death in Vermont where the Patient Choice at the End of Life Act has been implemented, but is rarely used. Most fears and abuses of the law have not occurred. The video also includes comments from the public.
Frances Shani Parker, Author
Becoming Dead Right: A Hospice Volunteer in Urban Nursing Homes is available in paperback and e-book editions in America and other countries at booksellers such as Amazon.